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Other Documents ~ The Journey of Coronado

 

                                                              

Spain is a good place to start and we can make Columbus's trips to the new world our beginning point.   The ancient  Austrian roots of the Ramos name will not be explored in these pages.  So let's get started with the trips to the New World:                                       

Contrary to popular myth, Columbus's crew on the first voyage were not a bunch of cutthroats. They were mostly 'hometown boys' from Andalusia, and nearly all experienced seamen. It is true that the Spanish Sovereigns offered amnesty to convicts who would sign up  for the voyage, but only four men took up the offer: one who had killed a man in a fight, and three of his friends who then helped him escape from jail.

Of the four voyages of Columbus, only the crew of the first voyage is completely known. Alice Bache Gould spent decades combing various archives in Spain, eventually accounting for each of the 87 crewmen of the NiZa, Pinta, and Santa Maria. Her research was published in fragments, but a summary is given at  http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/FichaObra.html?Ref=18801

 

 

Cristóbal Colon                           

 

 Links of interests: http://www.bruce.ruiz.net/PanamaHistory/los_conquistadores.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conquistador     http://www.studyspanish.com/comps/conqui.htm   http://tntn.essortment.com/conquistadores_rzpq.htm

 

Map of Palos Among the first settlers of the Ramos name were:  Alfonso Ramos, who sailed to Cartagena in 1535,  Benito Ramos sailed to Rio de la Plata in 1535, Cristóbal Ramos sailed to America in 1511, and Domingo Ramos sailed to Florida in 1538. The above are possible beginnings to the Ricardo Ramos (≈1820) of Bavispe, Sonora, Mexico but this writer feels the best chance to make a connection to the early arrivals lies with the following two:    Antonio & Gabriel Ramos who arrived in 1538.  They were the sons of Antonio Ramos and Beatriz Gonzales of Malaga, Spain.  Geronimo Ramos, Juan de Ramos and Pedro Ramos were among other Conquistadores and 800 Indians serving with Captain Francisco Vasquez de Coronado.  Their expedition set out for New Mexico and Arizona but made it as far north as Kansas from 1540 to 1542. 
Andalucia Refion of Spain Golfo de Cádiz Sources:                                 http://members.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index1.htm         http://members.tripod.com/~GaryFelix/index5D.htm (Geronimo, Juan & Pedro Ramos)
Map of the first voyage, 
transatlantic track
The ships above are replicas of the ships Christopher Columbus sailed in 1492.   While the ships (below) are most likely what we have envisioned as the vessels that carried the first voyagers to the New World. Columbus' First Voyage (above)
   
Map of the 
Fourth Voyage
   
  Columbus' Fourth Voyage (above)
   
Christopher Columbus departed on his first voyage from the port of Palos (near Huelva) in southern Spain, on August 3, 1492, in command of three ships: the Niña,  the Pinta and the Santa Maria. His men mostly came from surrounding towns such as Lepe and Moguer. The flagship Santa Maria grounded on a reef on Christmas Eve and sank the next day. Columbus used the remains of the ship to build a fort on shore, which he named La Navidad (Christmas). But the tiny Niña could not hold all of the remaining crew, so Columbus was forced to leave about 40 men at La Navidad to await his return from Spain. Columbus departed from La Navidad on January 2, 1493.
   
   For full details on Columbus's voyage visit http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04140a.htm

  

La Caravela Santa María, 1492

Santa María was Columbus’s flagship on his first and most remembered voyage, although he did not like the ship because it was large and slow. Santa María ran aground on a sandbar near what is now Cap HaVtien, HaVti, on Christmas Eve of 1492. In recent decades, a number of expeditions have searched for the remains. Famous historians have claimed to know where it is. Some adventurers have even claimed to have located the wreck, but nothing has ever come of any of these claims.

http://www.shipsofdiscovery.org/stamaria.htm#SantaMaria

 

                                

 

Crew of the Santa Maria: Crew of the Pinta Crew of the NiZa
Cristobal Colon (Christopher Columbus), Captain-General Martin Alonso Pinzon, captain  Vincente Yanez Pinzon, captain
Juan de la Cosa, Owner and Master Francisco Martin Pinzon, master  Juan Nino, owner and master 
  Cristobal Garcia Xalmiento, pilot  Francisco Nino
Diego de Arana, master-at-arms   Cristobal Quintero, ship's owner  Bartolome Roldan, apprentice pilot
Pedro de Gutierrez, royal steward  Francisco Garcia Vallejo  Alonso de Morales, carpenter
Rodrigo de Escobedo, secretary of the fleet  Garcia Hernandez, steward  Andres de Huelva
Rodrigo Sanchez, comptroller  Gomez Rascon  Bartolome Garcia, boatswain
Diego de Salcedo, servant of Columbus  Juan Bermudez  Diego Lorenzo
Luis de Torres, interpreter  Juan Quintero  Fernando de Triana
Rodrigo de Jerez  Juan Rodriquez Bermejo  Garcia Alonso 
Alonso Chocero  Pedro de Arcos  Juan Arias, cabin boy
Alonso Clavijo  Alonso de Palos  Juan Arraes
Andres de Yruenes  Alvaro Perez  Juan Romero
Antonia de Cuellar, carpenter   Anton Calabres  Maestre Alonso, phyiscian
Bartolome Biues  Bernal, servant  Miguel de Soria, servant
Bartolome de Torres  Diego Martin Pinzon  Pedro de Soria  
Bartolome Garcia, boatswain  Fernando Mendes  Pero Arraes
Chachu, boatswain  Francisco Mendes  Pero Sanches
Cristobal Caro, goldsmith  Gil Perez  Rodrigo Monje

          

Diego Bermudez  Juan Quadrado Sanchez Ruiz, pilot
Diego Perez, painter  Juan Reynal
Domingo de Lequeitio  Juan Verde de Triana
Domingo Vizcaino cooper  Juan Vecano
Gonzalo Franco Maestre Diego, surgeon
Jacomel Rico  Pedro Tegero
Juan, servant  Sancho de Rama
Juan de Jerez 
Juan de la Placa 
Juan Martines de Acoque 
Juan de Medina 
Juan de Moguer 
Juan Ruiz de la Pena 
Juan Sanchez, physician 
Lope, joiner 
Maestre Juan 
Marin de Urtubia 
Pedro de Terreros, cabin boy 
Pero Nino, pilot 

Pedro Yzquierdo 

Pedro de Lepe

Rodrigo Gallego, servant